The semiautomatic pistol is actually a late 19th century invention. After Hiram Maxim (1840-1916) introduced his recoil-powered machine gun in 1883, several private gunsmiths set out to apply the same principles to handguns. The first model to gain commercial success was from Hugo Borchardt (1844-1924), whose C-93 hit the market in 1894. The C-93 was too bulky to receive widespread acceptance, but its design helped other inventors. In 1896, Paul Mauser (1838-1914) introduced his first semiautomatic pistol, the Mauser “Broomhandle.” These and other semiauto pistol designs led to the Model 1911, a single-action, semiautomatic, magazine-fed, recoil-operated pistol chambered in .45 ACP that is still made today.