The M1's semiautomatic design gave U.S. forces an advantage in firepower, as German, Italian, and Japanese soldiers were typically armed with slower bolt-action rifles. Also, the M1 weighed between 9.5 and 11.6 pounds. This weight, coupled with its semiautomatic action, allowed soldiers to fire its eight rounds without having to work a bolt and without having to recover from the heavy recoil of a light rifle. For example, before the M1 came along, Japanese “banzai charges” had been successful against infantrymen armed with bolt-action rifles, but when they came up against U.S. infantrymen armed with M1s, the Japanese’s charges often ended in catastrophes for the Japanese, as they were cut down by this formidable rifle’s .30-06 cartridge fired with eight fast presses of a trigger. Once emptied, the clip flew free as the action on the rifle locked back; this allowed soldiers to simply stuff in another clip of eight more rounds. Compared to other arms used at the time, this made the M1 Garand an impressive weapon when in the hands of trained infantrymen.