Though women were limited to non-combat roles, many served as field nurses and in other combat support capacities. In 1976, U.S. military academies began admitting female students. As of 1983, women were allowed to pilot helicopters in armed conflict. In 1989, a woman commanded U.S. combat troops for the first time. In 1993, Jeannie Leavitt became the first female Air Force fighter pilot.