- Use a Lead Sled at the Range – This will save you so much pain when it comes to putting in the range time to find the right shotgun choke and ammo combo. A Lead Sled or similiar shooting rest is designed to take the place of your shoulder and absorb nearly all the recoil when the gun is fired. Additionally, it keeps the gun nice and steady so you know your results are from the gun, choke, and ammo, and not from the shooter.
- Shoot a smaller shotgun – I killed dozens of gobblers with a Remington Model 870 Youth Model 20-gauge topped with a generic Red Dot and filled with 3-inch Winchester Xtended Range #5s. Recoil was, to me, insignificant, both at the range and in the field.
Shoot a heavier shotgun – Weight soaks up recoil; thus, shooting a heavier shotgun will help downplay felt recoil. Combine weight with a gas operating system, itself decreasing recoil, and 'kick' becomes more manageable. Just keep in mind you have to carry and maneuver the gun in the field, so the recoil mitigation from extra weight, at a point, might not be worth it.
Shoot smaller shotshells – 3.5-inch shotshells aren't necessary when it comes to killing longbeards. Smaller shotshells – 2.75- and 3-inch – pack less punch at both ends, but lack nothing in terms of on-target performance.
Shoot conventional velocity shotshells – High- and hyper-velocity shotshells, like 3.5-inch hulls, aren't necessary for grounding gobblers either. I killed many a tom with Federal's Old School 2-ounce charges of copper-plated #5s moving at a snail's pace of 1,200 fps.
Install a recoil reducing device – Ported barrels and ported choke tubes help some, and there are many affordable aftermarket recoil pads, like KICK-EEZ, and Limbsaver that can help cut down on the sharpness of your shotgun's kick.